• sti_logo_eyepiece_300-1
  • ST-I Guider & Planetary Camera

    SKU: ST-I

    $595.00

    Planet Cam and Autoguider

    Clear

Product Description

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The SBIG ST-I Planet Cam and Autoguider adds features unavailable anywhere else in a camera of this size and price.  The ST-I is a low cost, high performance compact camera that is an excellent guider and very capable lunar/planetary imager. The body is lightweight, and no larger than many 1.25″ eyepieces.  It is 1.25″ in diameter, 3.5″ long and weighs only 2.2 ounces.

Despite being so compact and lightweight, it includes a built-in mechanical shutter for automatic dark frames. This improves sensitivity by eliminating “hot pixels” and other image artifacts.

The camera receives both control signals and power from the USB 2.0 port of your computer, so only one thin USB cable is required.  For guiding, a standard, opto-isolated, autoguider output port is located in the back panel.  An optional Guiding Kit is also available that turns the ST-I into a complete, compact, lightweight guiding system.

ST-I features

• Powered from USB 2.0 port
• Low noise, high sensitivity CCD
• Monochrome or Color
• Mechanical shutter for automatic dark frames
• Electronic shutter for short exposures
• Up to 21 frames per second in focus mode
• 16 bit A/D
• Eyepiece size body (1.25″ diameter)
• Low cost
• Lightweight – only 2.2 oz.
• Standard Guider Output Port
• Front end threaded for standard 1.25″ filters
• CCDOPS version 5 Software Included
• Planet MasterTM Software Included (now built into CCDOPS)

ON SEMI KAI-340 CCD – Mono or Color

Rather than using a low cost, high noise CMOS sensor, the ST-I uses a high quality, low noise, ON SEMI KAI-340 CCD with a read noise of only 9e-. This is the same CCD used as the guiding sensor in the STX series cameras and in the AllSky-340 cameras. The array is 640 x 480 pixels at 7.4 microns square. Anti-blooming is standard. On-chip binning is available for 14.8 micron pixels if desired. Various sub-frame modes may be used to speed-up the focus and download rates. A full frame high resolution image will update at the rate of approximately 5 frames per second. In addition to full-frame, half-frame and quarter-frame modes, the user may select a sub-frame region of interest (ROI) of any size located anywhere on the CCD. In focus mode, using a 20 x 20 pixel box the update rate is greater than 20 frames per second. This sensor is available in monochrome or color.

ON SEMI describes the performance of this CCD:  “Designed for demanding imaging applications, this sensor has additional features including electronic shuttering, peak QE (quantum efficiency) of 55%, extremely low noise and low dark current. These features give this sensor exceptional sensitivity and make it ideal for machine vision, scientific, surveillance, and other computer input applications.”

Electronic and Mechanical Shutters

This sensor’s electronic shutter allows exposure times as short as 0.001 seconds. Most other eyepiece sized cameras rely on this type of “global” shutter alone due to the difficulty and cost of building an additional mechanical shutter into the camera body. However, in the ST-I camera we have also included a mechanical shutter enabling the camera to automatically take dark frames. This feature alone dramatically improves the performance of the ST-I, particularly when used as an autoguider. Cooling of the CCD to reduce dark current is unnecessary at the short exposure times common to planetary imaging and autoguiding, but there remains the possibility of bright pixels in an image that can raise the threshold of brightness required for the most sensitive guiding performance. The ability to automatically take and subtract a dark frame results in a very smooth background against which detection of dim stars is more reliable. Finally, while some inexpensive guiders save cost by using low cost 8 bit or 10 bit electronics, the ST-I camera uses a high quality 16-bit A/D for superior resolution of the full dynamic range of the CCD, greater than 70 dB.

Lunar / Planetary Imaging

The Planet Master Commands in CCDOPS is used to take the sharpest images of planets or other objects. It takes a sequence of images, grading them for sharpness and keeps the sharpest one. Typically you would take short exposures, knowing that throughout the sequence a stable period of seeing will give a clear image. The Planet Master command beeps twice each time a sharper image is acquired. When you’re all done hit the Done key and the Sharpest image will be shown. The dialog also shows you the current sharpness and the best sharpness in terms of a Figure of Merit (FOM). If the object is too bright even with the shortest exposures you may find placing an aperture mask over the telescope or using neutral density filters will get the brightness in range.

The Grade Image By Sharpness command allows grading a set of already acquired images. It’s like an Off-Line version of the Planet Master command. Many planetary imagers like to average several of their best exposures. This requires taking a large number of images in a short time and then examining each image for the best of the lot of the best few of the lot. In this case the imager might prefer to use the Autograb function of CCDOPS to capture as many images in as short a period of time as possible. (Planets rotate!) PlanetMaster software may then be used to automatically examine a series of images and assign a Figure of Merit for sharpness to each one. Then only the best of the lot can be selected for averaging.

CARRYING CASE AND SOFTWARE

The ST-I comes in a padded hard case with 15′ USB cable, telescope tracking cable and software that include installation instructions, CCDOPS with PlanetMaster.

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Additional Information

A/D Converter

16 bits

Adaptive Optics Option

N

Antiblooming

y

CCD Size

4.8 mm x 3.6 mm

Computer Interface

USB2

Cooling Delta

na

Dark Current e/p/s at 0 C

0.5 e-/p/s

Exposure

0.001-3600 sec

Filter Size

1.25″

Filter Wheel Option

n

Full Frame Download

0.13 sec

Full Well Capacity

25,000 e-

Imaging CCD

KAI-0340

Imaging / Pixel Array

648 px x 486 px

Internal Tracking CCD

n

OAG Option

n

OS Compatibility

Windows 32 and 64 bit OS, Mac

Pixel Digitization Rate

4 MHz

Pixel Size

7.4 μm

Power

USB 500 mA

Read Noise

8.6 e-

Remote Guide Head

n

Self-Guiding Filter Wheel

n

Shutter

Electromechanical

Temperature Regulation

n

Total Pixels

314,928 pixels

Weight

2.2 oz

sensor type

Mono, Color

Documentation

User’s Manual

Installation, and operating instructions for the ST-I Mono and Color cameras.

Download

Backfocus Table

Backfocus configuration table

Download

Software

SBIGUDrv

The SBIG Universal Driver is distributed via SBIG Driver Checker 64 on Windows, and via an installer on Mac OSX. Keeping your drivers up to date is the best way to ensure your camera runs smoothly, so remember to update your drivers regularly.

Download (Win) Download (OSX)

CCDOps

CCDOPS is a free program that operates USB based SBIG cameras.

Download (Win) Download (OSX)

Software Development Kit

Software development kit for the Windows platform.

Download (Win)